Delhi sultanate (in 1206-1526)
In spite of an increasing Islamic influence, this could never assert itself completely in India; nevertheless, this should change in 1192 after the defeat Rajputses Prithvirajas III against Muhammad of Ghur. The capital of this new Indian empire was Delhi which played from this time to an especially weight-bearing role for India. The time of the sultanate of Delhi was stamped by constant power set-tos which mostly led to the murder of the actual ruler. That’s why there was a huge number of rulers who were at the moment of the sultanate in power, nevertheless, kept themselves mostly not especially long. Moreover, some campaigns which were not especially positive, nevertheless, mostly were undertaken at the moment of the Delhi sultanate. For these reasons the empire India split on the other hand in smaller single states to 1526 Timuriden Babur with the first battle from Panipat through sultan Ibrahim Lodi triumphed and after the occupation of the central cities of Delhi and Agra founded the Mogul empire.
Mogul empire (1526 – 1857)
Also at the moment of the Mogul empire there were numerous power-political set-tos around the borders of the ruling area. Are especially worth mentioning, on this occasion, the achievements of Akbar who got by a clever marriage politics and some campaigns to expand the Mogul empire and to stabilise administratively, militarily and socially. Furthermore Akbar promoted a religious tolerance and cooperation between Hindus and Muslims and took care of reforms in the social system and education system. The Mogul empire distinguished itself above all to strengthen the state inside and to set up a state being relatively modern from today’s view.
An other stamping figure of this time was Shah Jahan which was a big sponsor of the art. Best known and most expressive the tomb existing still today of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal is in Agra.
The cultural influence of the Mogul time on India has probably been the typical influence generally; this time is important above all because in no other time the influence of Hindus and Muslims has mixed so and has complemented we at the moment of the Mogul empire. Particularly the architecture and painting of this time are partially received till this day and form the foundation of the today’s Indian culture.