British colony (1813 – 1948)
Bit by bit a superior strength got of Great Britain in India to win. After other European states had been edged out of the Indian subcontinent, nothing more was in way of a power removal. The British East India Company which stood first only in commercial problems with India got to develop it fast this position and to claim more and more areas for themselves. At last in 1803 Delhi was subjected. However, the conquered areas were difficult to administer, so that for the British East India Company increasingly more difficult some order became in the administrative chaos to bring, never mind to introduce a uniform administrative system. On account of the growing injustice and the disorganisation of the British management, the discontent grew in the affected areas more and more, until it came, finally, to riots which culminated in the “Sepoy uprising” in 1957/58. The rule of the British East India Company could be broken with the superior strength of the well qualified Indian soldiers (Sepoy) and the country with the Government of India Act by new laws be ordered.
Empire India (1877 – 1947)
Now though India did not stand any more among the rulers of the British East India Company, but up to the independence of England it should last a little bit. India was subordinate after the uprising as a colony directly to the English queen Victoria whom in 1877 the title „Empress of India“ accepted. Nevertheless, one third of India was administered by Indian princes, so-called “Princely States” who were subordinate, however, nevertheless, to the viceroy.
At the latest with the foundation of the Indian national congress (1885) voices were expressed which expressed themselves for an independence of India of Great Britain and the first concrete demands to the colonial power it put and in 1917 reached a political declaration of intent which said that India should renounce bit by bit from the British rule.
However, also this should last a little bit longer; during both world wars Indian soldiers fought for the British crown, although India for it expressed itself only under the condition in the war to enter that they reached, finally, the independence from Great Britain.